Glaucoma

Glaucoma is an eye disease that harms your optic nerve, which relays visual information to your brain. It is caused by elevated intraocular pressure due to excessive fluid buildup. When left untreated, it can lead to permanent blind spots or complete vision loss. At first, glaucoma doesn't have any noticeable symptoms, which makes it important to have regular eye exams with our optometrist at Iconic Eyecare. While it cannot be cured, glaucoma can be managed with an early diagnosis. Our vision professionals help patients in and around Surrey, BC, to manage their condition.

Illustration of glaucoma

What Causes Glaucoma?

Damage to the optic nerve is almost always caused by increased internal eye pressure caused by poor drainage. In healthy eyes, fluids flow and drain properly. However, when the flow of fluids within the eye is impaired, fluid backs up and intraocular eye pressure increases. Glaucoma treatment helps correct this drainage problem to resolve your vision problems. 

Symptoms of Glaucoma

The type of glaucoma you have will affect the symptoms you experience. There are usually no symptoms in the early stages. However, when your glaucoma starts to worsen, it may become noticeable. Some glaucoma symptoms include: 

  • Blurry vision
  • Eye pain
  • Bloodshot eyes

Diagnosing Glaucoma

During your appointment with our optometrist at Iconic Eyecare, we will perform different tests to determine if you have glaucoma. First, we place eye drops into your eyes to anesthetize them. Once they’re numb, we perform these tests: 

  • Gonioscopy: The size of the angle between your iris and cornea is measured.
  • Pachymetry: We measure your corneal thickness.
  • Tonometry: This test helps us calculate the pressure inside the eye

We may also look at the condition of your optic nerve and your peripheral vision. There are four stages of glaucoma, and we will determine which one you have before providing the corresponding treatment.  

Glaucoma Treatment

If your condition is severe, we will perform a trabeculectomy. First, a small channel is created in the sclera to allow fluid to drain completely. This will lower your intraocular pressure and prevent further damage to the optic nerve. It also helps prevent future vision loss. Recovery following this procedure typically takes between two to six weeks.  

Contact Our Optometrist for Glaucoma Treatment in Surrey, BC

When you are experiencing blurry vision or eye pain in Surrey, BC, it’s important to schedule an eye exam at Iconic Eyecare. Our optometrist specializes in diagnosing, managing, and treating glaucoma in patients of all ages. To learn more about glaucoma or to schedule an appointment with our optometrist, call us today at (604) 385-6396.

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